Wu Xizai (1799-1870), formerly known as TingYang, was named Xizai. Later, he changed the word to Weng, later scholars and Abbot Fang Zhu. Jiangsu Yizheng. Qing Dynasty seal Carver, calligrapher. Bao Shichen's disciple. Good at calligraphy and painting, especially seal cutting. When he was young, he imitated the seal works of Qin and Han Dynasties, and then directly took Deng Shilu's method to obtain his spiritual marrow, and integrated his own knowledge to develop and improve the "Deng school" seal cutting art, which played an important role in the history of seal cutting of Ming and Qing schools. Wu Changshuo commented: "let Weng Pingsheng firmly accept the white color, but in the Qin and Han Dynasties, the seal was deeply discussed, so the blade method turned round, without the spirit of fiber man, and the weather was fine, and the quality was not stagnant. Yu tasted the language person: after learning white not if takes the path in lets Weng. " Wu rang's seal is quite able to understand Deng Shi Ru's principle of "the seal comes from the book". It's like a pen with a knife. It's fast and round. It's full of pain, straightforward and unrestrained. It's round in the square. It's hard and soft. It is vigorous, elegant, graceful, and full of its own gentle and fluent style of seal script. Zhu Wen and Bai Wen are proficient in Kung Fu, skillful, and skilled. Let Weng create something on the basis of inheriting Deng Wanbai, especially the relaxed and light charm, which can directly reach the divine realm of book printing integration. Wu fou said: "the charm of the ancient Jun can not be measured, covered with the guard and not mud its trace, can be released without exceeding its moment." He was poor all his life, and was the author of Tongjian geography current interpretation. Wu Xizai's four body script of work. Seal script and clerical script study Deng Shilu, running script and regular script take the method of Bao Shichen. Although the calligraphy skill is deep, it is too deep bound by Deng Shilu and Bao Shichen to create its own style. It is also good to draw. The greatest achievement in his life is seal cutting, which is the essence of Deng Shilu and can catch up with Han seal. At that time, Deng School of Anhui school was pushed to a new level, which had a great influence on the printing circle in the late Qing Dynasty. In his life, Wu Xizai engraved tens of thousands of coins, but many of them were not engraved, so that they were rarely spread. Wu rang Zhi was born in 1799, the fourth year of Jiaqing in the Qing Dynasty. He lived in Yizheng in his early years. In his youth, because he was engaged in scientific examination, he would go back and forth to Yizheng and Taizhou every three years. Wu Gengzhi was finally admitted as a "student (scholar)", just a common County School "Zhusheng", but from then on, he had more contacts with scholars and scholars in Taizhou and established friendship.
After middle age, Wu rang lived in Yangzhou for a long time. According to Dong Yushu's reminiscence of Wucheng in the Qing Dynasty, when Wu rang Zhi was in Yangzhou, he lived in Guanyin temple, a stone archway. At that time, there was Wang Su, a painter living in Guanyin temple. Wang painted Wu characters, which was regarded as the most important thing, and the scholar bureaucrats all thought that non Wang painted Wu characters were not suitable. In the 29th year of Daoguang's reign (1849), Wu rang was entrusted by Wang Xian of Suqian to carve the second half of inkstone history by Gao fenghan. When the book was engraved, he wrote a long postscript, in which he talked about "Yu Yu Yu, Secretary of Wenhui Pavilion in this year's Canon" and "notes on the history of the South". Wenhui Pavilion in Yangzhou is one of the seven pavilions in the Qing Dynasty, which collected the complete book of Siku. It was originally used by Wu rang, but it was not long ago that Wenhui pavilion was burnt in the Qing army's battle against the Taiping Heavenly Kingdom.
In the third year of Xianfeng in the Qing Dynasty (1853), Wu rang Zhi was 54 years old. In order to avoid war, he moved to Taizhou, where he had many friends. His Zhu Wenyin's "reborn man" side said: "in the third year of Xianfeng, he came to hailing from Yang to avoid chaos.". Wu rang lived in Taizhou for more than ten spring and Autumn Periods. When he first lived in Taizhou, he was the home of Yao Zhengyong (Zhonghai), the richest man in Taizhou. Wu rang Zhi is in Yao's house, and has successively sealed 120 square meters for Yao Zhiyin. During his stay in Thailand, Wu rang Zhi lived in Cen Rong (Zhongtao), Chen Shouwu, Zhu zhuxuan, Xu Zhenjia (Dongyuan) and other famous families successively, and then lived in Liu Hanchen (Luqiao) for three years. He once donated a Book of Shuowen by Zhu Shu. At the end of the article, there was a personal postscript of "three years of food, no report". Wu rang's home is not only for his children's study, but also for Liu Zhiyin's 88 square, inkstone carving, calligraphy and painting. In the fourth year of Xianfeng (1854), in August of Jiayin, Liu Hanchen's new house was completed, and Wu rang's special official script long-term couplet was completed: "the situation is not based on people, and Weng's pleasure is in the mountains and forests; although he lives near the city, he knows his husband, shuiyuehu." the title of the previous paragraph said: "the couplet collected by Mr. Lu Qiao and Gao Xiyuan belongs to Jiang Yan's new house in Taizhou, which is in accordance with the current situation."